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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 428168, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/428168
Research Article

SBWR Model for Steady-State and Transient Analysis

1Area de Ingeniería en Recursos Energéticos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Avenida San Rafael Atlixco 186, Colonia Vicentina, 09340 México DF, Mexico
2Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Avenida Doctor Barragán 779, Colonia Vicentina, 03020 México DF, Mexico

Received 13 December 2007; Accepted 21 February 2008

Academic Editor: Dilip Saha

Copyright © 2008 Gilberto Espinosa-Paredes and Alejandro Nuñez-Carrera. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a model of a simplified boiling water reactor (SBWR) to analyze the steady-state and transient behavior. The SBWR model is based on approximations of lumped and distributed parameters to consider neutronics and natural circulation processes. The main components of the model are vessel dome, downcomer, lower plenum, core (channel and fuel), upper plenum, pressure, and level controls. Further consideration of the model is the natural circulation path in the internal circuit of the reactor, which governs the safety performance of the SBWR. To demonstrate the applicability of the model, the predictions were compared with plant data, manufacturer_s predictions, and RELAP5 under steady-state and transient conditions of a typical BWR. In steady-state conditions, the profiles of the main variables of the SBWR core such as superficial velocity, void fraction, temperatures, and convective heat transfer coefficient are presented and analyzed. The transient behavior of SBWR was analyzed during the closure of all main steam line isolation valves (MSIVs). Our results in this transient show that the cooling system due to natural circulation in the SBWR is around 70% of the rated core flow. According to the results shown here, one of the main conclusions of this work is that the simplified model could be very helpful in the licensing process.