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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2008, Article ID 732158, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/732158
Research Article

Simulation of Boiling Flow Experiments Close to CHF with the Neptune_CFD Code

Reactor Engineering Division, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Received 11 March 2008; Accepted 26 August 2008

Academic Editor: Ivo Kljenak

Copyright © 2008 Boštjan Končar and Borut Mavko. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A three-dimensional two-fluid code Neptune_CFD has been validated against the Arizona State University (ASU) and DEBORA boiling flow experiments. Two-phase flow processes in the subcooled flow boiling regime have been studied on ASU experiments. Within this scope a new wall function has been implemented in the Neptune_CFD code aiming to improve the prediction of flow parameters in the near-wall region. The capability of the code to predict the boiling flow regime close to critical heat flux (CHF) conditions has been verified on selected DEBORA experiments. To predict the onset of CHF regime, a simplified model based on the near-wall values of gas volume fraction was used. The results have shown that the code is able to predict the wall temperature increase and the sharp void fraction peak near the heated wall, which are characteristic phenomena for CHF conditions.