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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2008, Article ID 896406, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/896406
Research Article

Simulation of MASPn Experiments in MISTRA Test Facility with COCOSYS Code

Lithuanian Energy Institute, Laboratory of Nuclear Installation Safety, Breslaujos Street 3, 44403 Kaunas, Lithuania

Received 26 February 2008; Revised 14 July 2008; Accepted 19 September 2008

Academic Editor: Ivo Kljenak

Copyright © 2008 Mantas Povilaitis and Egidijus Urbonavičius. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An issue of the stratified atmospheres in the containments of nuclear power plants is still unresolved; different experiments are performed in the test facilities like TOSQAN and MISTRA. MASPn experiments belong to the spray benchmark, initiated in the containment atmosphere mixing work package of the SARNET network. The benchmark consisted of MASP0, MASP1 and MASP2 experiments. Only the measured depressurisation rates during MASPn were available for the comparison with calculations. When the analysis was performed, the boundary conditions were not clearly defined therefore most of the attention was concentrated on MASP0 simulation in order to develop the nodalisation scheme and define the initial and boundary conditions. After achieving acceptable agreement with measured depressurisation rate, simulations of MASP1 and MASP2 experiments were performed to check the influence of sprays. The paper presents developed nodalisation scheme of MISTRA for the COCOSYS code and the results of analyses. In the performed analyses, several parameters were considered: initial conditions, loss coefficient of the junctions, initial gradients of temperature and steam volume fraction, and characteristic length of structures. Parametric analysis shows that in the simulation the heat losses through the external walls behind the lower condenser installed in the MISTRA facility determine the long-term depressurisation rate.