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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2011, Article ID 683147, 7 pages
Research Article

Development and Application of MCNP5 and KENO-VI Monte Carlo Models for the Atucha-2 PHWR Analysis

1San Piero a Grado Nuclear Research Group (GRNSPG), University of Pisa, via Diotisalvi 2, 56122 Pisa, Italy
2Nucleoelectrica Argentina-Societad Anonima (NA-SA), C1429BKQ Buenos Aires, Argentina

Received 22 September 2010; Accepted 2 December 2010

Academic Editor: Juan Ferreri

Copyright © 2011 M. Pecchia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The geometrical complexity and the peculiarities of Atucha-2 PHWR require the adoption of advanced Monte Carlo codes for performing realistic neutronic simulations. Core models of Atucha-2 PHWR were developed using both MCNP5 and KENO-VI codes. The developed models were applied for calculating reactor criticality states at beginning of life, reactor cell constants, and control rods volumes. The last two applications were relevant for performing successive three dimensional neutron kinetic analyses since it was necessary to correctly evaluate the effect of each oblique control rod in each cell discretizing the reactor. These corrective factors were then applied to the cell cross sections calculated by the two-dimensional deterministic lattice physics code HELIOS. These results were implemented in the RELAP-3D model to perform safety analyses for the licensing process.