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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2014, Article ID 820481, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/820481
Research Article

Some Movement Mechanisms and Characteristics in Pebble Bed Reactor

1Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology of Tsinghua University and the Key Laboratory of Advanced Reactor Engineering and Safety, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100084, China
2School of Aerospace, Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3083, Australia

Received 16 November 2013; Accepted 4 May 2014; Published 1 June 2014

Academic Editor: Yanping Huang

Copyright © 2014 Xingtuan Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The pebblebed-type high temperature gas-cooled reactor is considered to be one of the promising solutions for generation IV advanced reactors, and the two-region arranged reactor core can enhance its advantages by flattening neutron flux. However, this application is held back by the existence of mixing zone between central and peripheral regions, which results from pebbles’ dispersion motions. In this study, experiments have been carried out to study the dispersion phenomenon, and the variation of dispersion region and radial distribution of pebbles in the specifically shaped flow field are shown. Most importantly, the standard deviation of pebbles’ radial positions in dispersion region, as a quantitative index to describe the size of dispersion region, is gotten through statistical analysis. Besides, discrete element method has been utilized to analyze the parameter influence on dispersion region, and this practice offers some strategies to eliminate or reduce mixing zone in practical reactors.