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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2015, Article ID 143767, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/143767
Review Article

CANDU Safety R&D Status, Challenges, and Prospects in Canada

1Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, 280 Slater Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1P 5S9
2CANDU Owners Group, 655 Bay Street, 17th Floor, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2K4

Received 10 June 2014; Accepted 29 October 2014

Academic Editor: Bo Wook Rhee

Copyright © 2015 W. Shen and F. Doyle. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In Canada, safe operation of CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium; it is a registered trademark of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited) reactors is supported by a full-scope program of nuclear safety research and development (R&D) in key technical areas. Key nuclear R&D programs, facilities, and expertise are maintained in order to address the unique features of the CANDU as well as generic technology areas common to CANDU and LWR (light water reactor). This paper presents an overview of the CANDU safety R&D which includes background, drivers, current status, challenges, and future directions. This overview of the Canadian nuclear safety R&D programs includes those currently conducted by the COG (CANDU Owners Group), AECL (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited), Candu Energy Inc., and the CNSC (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission) and by universities via UNENE (University Network of Excellence in Nuclear Engineering) sponsorship. In particular, the nuclear safety R&D program related to the emerging CANDU ageing issues is discussed. The paper concludes by identifying directions for the future nuclear safety R&D.