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Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations
Volume 2016, Article ID 5852328, 6 pages
Research Article

Development of a Composite Technique for Preconditioning of 41Cr4 Steel Used as Gear Material: Examination of Its Microstructural Characteristics and Properties

1College of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China
2Chongqing Municipal Key Laboratory of Institutions of Higher Education for Mould Technology, Chongqing 400054, China
3Faculty of Materials and Energy, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China

Received 22 May 2016; Revised 23 July 2016; Accepted 10 August 2016

Academic Editor: Parashuram Sahoo

Copyright © 2016 Jianjun Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Commercial 41Cr4 (ISO standard) steel was treated by a composite technique. An intermediate layer was introduced firstly at the 41Cr4 steel surface by traditional carburizing and nitriding. Then a hard Cr coating was brush-plated on the intermediate layer. Finally, the coating layer was modified by high current pulsed electron beam (HCPEB), followed by quenching and subsequent tempering treatment. The microstructure, mechanical properties, and fracture behavior were characterized. The results show that a nanocrystalline Cr coating is formed at the 41Cr4 steel surface by the treatment of the new composite technique. Such nanocrystalline Cr coating has acceptable hardness and high corrosion resistance performance, which satisfies the demands of the gears working under high speed and corrosive environment. The composite process proposed in this study is considered as a new prospect method due to the multifunction layer design on the gear surface.