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Shock and Vibration
Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 81-96

Review: Hydrocodes for Structural Response to Underwater Explosions

Hans U. Mair

Institute for Defense Analyses, Operational Evaluation Division, 1801 North Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311-1772, USA

Received 7 July 1997; Revised 16 April 1999

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The applicability of the various hydrocode methodologies (Lagrangian, Eulerian, Coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian, and Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian) for structural response to underwater explosions is reviewed. Only codes employing “structural elements” are realistically applicable to the analysis of thin-walled structural response to underwater explosions.