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Shock and Vibration
Volume 6 (1999), Issue 2, Pages 73-80

A Comparison of Simulation’s Results with Experiment on Water Mitigation of an Explosion

W.K Chong,1 K.Y. Lam,1 K.S. Yeo,1 G.R. Liu,1 and O.Y. Chong2

1Institute of High Performance Computing, c/o Mechanical & Production Engineering Department, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, 119260, Singapore
2Lands & Estates Organisaton, 12th Storey, Blk 1A, Tower A, Defence Technology Towers, AFPN 0007, 1 Depot Road, #12–05, 109679, Singapore

Received 12 May 1998; Revised 4 April 1999

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents a comparison of simulation’s results with the experimental data from a series of small-scale tests conducted by Joachim and Lunderman of the United States Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. The purpose of the experiments was to evaluate the effect of water as a mean of reducing airblast pressure from accidental explosions in underground magazines. In the present study, a series of three-dimensional numerical calculations were conducted using a Multimaterial Eulerian Finite Element Code. Results from the numerical simulations show good comparison with the experimental data for the case with and without water. Our simulation ascertains the mitigation effects of water in reducing the maximum peak pressure and impulse density due to an explosion.