Michael A. Sprague, Thomas L. Geers, "Computational Treatments of Cavitation Effects in Near-Free-Surface Underwater Shock Analysis", Shock and Vibration, vol. 8, Article ID 853074, 18 pages, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1155/2001/853074
Computational Treatments of Cavitation Effects in Near-Free-Surface Underwater Shock Analysis
Fluid cavitation constitutes an expensive computational nuisance in underwater-shock response calculations for structures at or just below the free surface. In order to avoid the use of a large array of cavitating acoustic finite elements (CAFE), various wet-surface approximations have been proposed. This paper examines the performance of two such approximations by comparing results produced by them for 1-D canonical problems with corresponding results produced by more rigorous CAFE computations. It is found that the fundamental limitation of wet-surface approximations is their inability to capture fluid-accretion effects. As an alternative, truncated CAFE fluid meshes with plane-wave radiation boundaries are shown to give good results. In fact, a single layer of CAFE is found to be comparable in accuracy to the better of the wet-surface approximations. The paper concludes with an examination of variations in CAFE modeling.
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