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Shock and Vibration
Volume 9 (2002), Issue 3, Pages 91-104

Experimental Study on the Vibration of an Overhung Rotor with a Propagating Transverse Crack

S.A. Adewusi and B.O. Al-Bedoor

Mechanical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P. O. Box 841, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia

Received 7 June 2000; Revised 31 July 2001

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents an experimental study on the dynamic response of an overhung rotor with a propagating transverse crack. The effects of a propagating transverse crack and side load on the dynamic response of an overhung rotor are investigated in order to identify vibration signatures of a propagating crack in rotating shafts. Startup and steady state vibration signatures were analyzed and presented in the form of Bode plots, Frequency Spectrum Cascades, Frequency Spectrum Waterfalls and orbits. The startup results showed that crack reduces the critical speed and increases the vibration amplitude of the rotor system. It also excites 2X vibration in the startup vibration signatures. The steady state results showed that the propagating crack produces changes in vibration amplitudes of 1X and 2X vibration harmonics and excites 3X harmonic just before fracture. During crack propagation, 1X amplitude may increase or decrease depending on the location of the crack and the direction of vibration measurement while 2X amplitude always increases. The steady state vibration signal of a propagating crack also produces a two-loop orbit.