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Shock and Vibration
Volume 9, Issue 1-2, Pages 19-27

Measuring Strain Response Mode Shapes with a Continuous-Scan LDV

Anthony B. Stanbridge, Milena Martarelli, and David J. Ewins

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College, London, UK

Received 25 March 2002; Revised 25 March 2002

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A continuous-scan LDV is a convenient means for measuring the response mode shape (ODS) of a vibrating surface, particularly in view of the fact that the ODS is automatically derived as a spatial polynomial series. Second spatial derivatives of the deflection equations are therefore easily derived, and these should, in principle, give curvature equations from which, for a beam or plate of known cross-section, stresses and strains can be obtained directly. Unfortunately, the stress and strain distributions depend critically on higher terms in the original ODS series, which are not accurately measured. This problem can be avoided by a method described here, which enables accurate stress and strain distributions to be derived, from a straight-line LDV scan along a uniform beam, using only five terms in the mode-shape polynomial series. A similar technique could be applied to uniform plates but the analysis and the governing equations are rather more complicated.