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Shock and Vibration
Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 3-17

The Influence of a Mistuned Blade’s Staggle Angle on the Vibration and Stability of a Shaft-Disk-Blade Assembly

Yi-Jui Chiu and Shyh-Chin Huang

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 43 Kee-Lung Rd, Sec. 4, Taipei, Taiwan

Received 13 March 2006; Revised 2 October 2006

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The influence on coupling vibrations and stability among shaft-torsion, disk-transverse and blade-bending of a rotor system with a mistuned blade's staggle angle was investigated analytically. A shaft-disk-blade system has been found existing two types of coupling vibrations, disk-blade (DB), and blade-blade (BB) modes when the shaft was assumed rigid. If the shaft's torsional flexibility was taken into account, an additional type of coupling modes, shaft-disk-blade (SDB), appeared. When an angle-mistuned blade existed, the blades periodicity was destroyed and it was found to change not only the natural frequencies but also the types of modes. Due to blade's mistune, the shaft torsion had to participate to balance such that DB modes vanished and replaced by SDB modes. A mistuned staggle angle was numerically found to alter the natural frequencies in an almost linear trend. At last, the rotational effects were found to merge frequency loci and eventually reached an instability point. Very interestingly, a mistuned blade diminished the possible instability caused by blade-dominating modes, which existed in a perfect and periodic rotor. In words, the rotor might benefit from a mistuned blade from the stability viewpoint. The shaft-dominating mode, yet, was unaffected by the mistune and retained a possible instability.