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Shock and Vibration
Volume 19, Issue 3, Pages 405-419

Detection and Estimation of Damage in Structures Using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm

A. Bagheri, H.R. Razeghi, and G. Ghodrati Amiri

Center of Excellence for Fundamental Studies in Structural Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran

Received 11 November 2010; Revised 12 February 2011

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents a method for detection and estimation of structural damage on the basis of modal parameters of a damaged structure using imperialist competitive algorithm. The imperialist competitive algorithm was developed over the last few years in an attempt to overcome inherent limitations of traditional optimize method. In this research, imperialist competitive algorithm has been employed due to its favorable performance in detection of structural damages. The performance of the proposed method has been verified through using a benchmark problem provided by the IASC-ASCE Task Group on Structural Health Monitoring and a number of numerical examples. By way of comparison between location and amount of damage obtained from the proposed method and simulation model, it was concluded that the method is sensitive to the location and amount of damage. The results clearly revealed the superiority of the presented method in comparison with energy index method.