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Shock and Vibration
Volume 19 (2012), Issue 5, Pages 835-844

Interferometric Techniques in Structural Damage Identification

H. Lopes,1 J. Ribeiro,1 and J.V. Araújo dos Santos2

1ESTIG, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Sta. Apolónia, Bragança, Portugal
2IDMEC, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal

Received 25 April 2012; Accepted 25 April 2012

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper describes several interferometric techniques and their applications in structural damage identification. With that objective in mind, damaged aluminum beams with clamped-free and free-free boundary conditions are analyzed. Different damages cases are inflicted by creating small cuts perpendicular to the beams longitudinal axis, being the damage, therefore, characterized by the dimensions of these cuts. The out-of-plane displacement field of modal response is measured with an electronic speckle pattern interferometric system. The static and dynamic rotation fields, defined as the spatial derivative of the displacement field, are measured with two different speckle shearography systems. Second and third order spatial derivatives of the displacement field, which are related to the bending moment and shear force, are computed by differentiation techniques. The cuts locations are determined by looking for maximum values and/or perturbations of damage indicators based on bending moments and shear forces. This method is validated by comparing its results with numerical ones, from which the most suitable interferometric technique is chosen.