Shock and Vibration

Shock and Vibration / 2013 / Article

Open Access

Volume 20 |Article ID 975956 |

Vitomir Racic, Aleksandar Pavic, James Mark William Brownjohn, "Modern Facilities for Experimental Measurement of Dynamic Loads Induced by Humans: A Literature Review", Shock and Vibration, vol. 20, Article ID 975956, 15 pages, 2013.

Modern Facilities for Experimental Measurement of Dynamic Loads Induced by Humans: A Literature Review

Received24 Jan 2011
Revised17 Feb 2012


This paper provides a critical overview of available technology and facilities for determining human-induced dynamic forces of civil engineering structures, such as due to walking, running, jumping and bouncing. In addition to traditional equipment for direct force measurements comprising force plate(s), foot pressure insoles and instrumented treadmills, the review also investigates possibility of using optical motion tracking systems (marker-based and marker-free optoelectronic technology) and non-optical motion tracking systems (inertial sensors) to reproduce contact forces between humans and structures based on body kinematics data and known body mass distribution. Although significant technological advancements have been made in the last decade, the literature survey showed that the state-of-the-art force measurements are often limited to individuals in artificial laboratory environments. Experimental identification of seriously needed group- and crowd-induced force data recorded on as-built structures, such as footbridges, grandstands and floors, still remains a challenge due to the complexity of human actions and the lack of adequate equipment.

Copyright © 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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