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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2014, Article ID 401942, 12 pages
Research Article

Probabilistic Neural Network and Fuzzy Cluster Analysis Methods Applied to Impedance-Based SHM for Damage Classification

School of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Uberlândia, Campus Santa Mônica, 38400-902 Uberlândia, MG, Brazil

Received 10 July 2013; Accepted 20 January 2014; Published 27 May 2014

Academic Editor: Nuno Maia

Copyright © 2014 Lizeth Vargas Palomino et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Impedance-based structural health monitoring technique is performed by measuring the variation of the electromechanical impedance of the structure caused by the presence of damage. The impedance signals are collected from patches of piezoelectric material bonded on the surface of the structure (or embedded). Through these piezoceramic sensor-actuators, the electromechanical impedance, which is directly related to the mechanical impedance of the structure, is obtained. Based on the variation of the impedance signals, the presence of damage can be detected. A particular damage metric is used to quantify the damage. Distinguishing damage groups from a universe containing different types of damage is a major challenge in structural health monitoring. There are several types of failures that can occur in a given structure, such as cracks, fissures, loss of mechanical components (e.g., rivets), corrosion, and wear. It is important to characterize each type of damage from the impedance signals considered. In the present paper, probabilistic neural network and fuzzy cluster analysis methods are used for identification, localization, and classification of two types of damage, namely, cracks and rivet losses. The results show that probabilistic neural network and fuzzy cluster analysis methods are useful for identification, localization, and classification of these types of damage.