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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 286139, 16 pages
Review Article

A Review of Indirect Bridge Monitoring Using Passing Vehicles

1School of Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering, University College Dublin, Newstead, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
2SPACE, Queen’s University Belfast, David Keir Building, Belfast BT9 5AG, UK

Received 23 October 2014; Revised 11 December 2014; Accepted 14 December 2014

Academic Editor: Mickaël Lallart

Copyright © 2015 Abdollah Malekjafarian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Indirect bridge monitoring methods, using the responses measured from vehicles passing over bridges, are under development for about a decade. A major advantage of these methods is that they use sensors mounted on the vehicle, no sensors or data acquisition system needs to be installed on the bridge. Most of the proposed methods are based on the identification of dynamic characteristics of the bridge from responses measured on the vehicle, such as natural frequency, mode shapes, and damping. In addition, some of the methods seek to directly detect bridge damage based on the interaction between the vehicle and bridge. This paper presents a critical review of indirect methods for bridge monitoring and provides discussion and recommendations on the challenges to be overcome for successful implementation in practice.