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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2016, Article ID 6797593, 12 pages
Research Article

An Investigation of Acoustic Attenuation Performance of Silencers with Mean Flow Based on Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation

School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China

Received 28 June 2015; Revised 18 September 2015; Accepted 27 September 2015

Academic Editor: M. I. Herreros

Copyright © 2016 Wei Fan and Li-Xin Guo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Transmission loss (TL) is often used to evaluate the acoustic attenuation performance of a silencer. In this work, a three-dimensional (3D) finite element method (FEM) is employed to calculate the TL of some representative silencers, namely, circular expansion chamber silencer and straight-through perforated pipe silencer. In order to account for the effect of mean flow that exists inside the silencer, the 3D FEM is used in conjunction with the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation of the flow field. More concretely, the 3D mean flow field is computed by firstly using CFD, and then the obtained mean flow data are imported to an acoustic solution undertaken using FEM. The data transfer between the two steps is accomplished by mesh mapping. The results presented demonstrate good agreement between present TL predictions and previously published experimental and numerical works. Also, the details of the flow inside the silencers may be studied. Furthermore, the effect of mean flow velocity on acoustic attenuation performance of the silencers is investigated. It is concluded that for the studied silencers, in general, increasing flow velocity increases the TL and decreases the resonance peaks.