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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2016, Article ID 9372691, 10 pages
Research Article

A Fault Diagnosis Scheme for Rolling Bearing Based on Particle Swarm Optimization in Variational Mode Decomposition

School of Mechanical Engineering, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China

Received 20 January 2016; Revised 15 May 2016; Accepted 23 May 2016

Academic Editor: Athanasios Chasalevris

Copyright © 2016 Cancan Yi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Variational mode decomposition (VMD) is a new method of signal adaptive decomposition. In the VMD framework, the vibration signal is decomposed into multiple mode components by Wiener filtering in Fourier domain, and the center frequency of each mode component is updated as the center of gravity of the mode’s power spectrum. Therefore, each decomposed mode is compact around a center pulsation and has a limited bandwidth. In view of the situation that the penalty parameter and the number of components affect the decomposition effect in VMD algorithm, a novel method of fault feature extraction based on the combination of VMD and particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed. In this paper, the numerical simulation and the measured fault signals of the rolling bearing experiment system are analyzed by the proposed method. The results indicate that the proposed method is much more robust to sampling and noise. Additionally, the proposed method has an advantage over the EMD in complicated signal decomposition and can be utilized as a potential method in extracting the faint fault information of rolling bearings compared with the common method of envelope spectrum analysis.