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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017, Article ID 3210271, 17 pages
Research Article

Numerical Simulation of Fluctuating Wind Effects on an Offshore Deck Structure

1School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea Exploration (CISSE), Shanghai 200240, China
3State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 800, Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China
4Department of Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Yokohama 2408501, Japan
5Cullen College of Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77004, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Dai Zhou; nc.ude.utjs@iaduohz

Received 5 November 2016; Revised 2 February 2017; Accepted 28 February 2017; Published 30 March 2017

Academic Editor: Marco Belloli

Copyright © 2017 Jin Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The offshore structures that play a vital role in oil and gas extraction are always under complicated environmental conditions such as the random wind loads. The structural dynamic response under the harsh wind is still an important issue for the safety and reliable design of offshore structures. This study conducts an investigation to analyze the wind-induced structural response of a typical offshore deck structure. An accurate and efficient mixture simulation method is developed to simulate the fluctuating wind speed, which is then introduced as the boundary condition into numerical wind tunnel tests. Large eddy simulation (LES) is utilized to obtain the time series of wind pressures on the structural surfaces and to determine the worst working condition. Finally, the wind-induced structural responses are calculated by ANSYS Parametric Design Language (APDL). The numerically predicted wind pressures are found to be consistent with the existing experimental data, demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed methods. The wind-induced displacements have the certain periodicity and change steadily. The stresses at the top of the derrick and connections between deck and derrick are relatively larger. These methods as well as the numerical examples are expected to provide references for the wind-resistant design of the offshore structures.