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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017, Article ID 4512497, 7 pages
Research Article

Finite Element Analysis of Mechanical Characteristics of Dropped Eggs Based on Fluid-Solid Coupling Theory

1College of Packaging and Printing Engineering, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300222, China
2China Key Laboratory of Food Packaging Materials and Technology in Light Industry, Tianjin 300222, China
3College of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Key Laboratory of Integrated Design and Online Monitoring of Light Industry and Food Machinery and Equipment in Tianjin, Tianjin 300222, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Song Haiyan; moc.621@00nayiahgnos

Received 23 December 2016; Accepted 1 June 2017; Published 12 July 2017

Academic Editor: Ivo Caliò

Copyright © 2017 Song Haiyan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


It is important to study the properties and mechanics of egg drop impacts in order to reduce egg loss during processing and logistics and to provide a basis for the protective packaging of egg products. In this paper, we present the results of our study of the effects of the structural parameters on the mechanical properties of an egg using a finite element model of the egg. Based on Fluid-Solid coupling theory, a finite element model of an egg was constructed using ADINA, a finite element calculation and analysis software package. To simplify the model, the internal fluid of the egg was considered to be a homogeneous substance. The egg drop impact was simulated by the coupling solution, and the feasibility of the model was verified by comparison with the experimental results of a drop test. In summary, the modeling scheme was shown to be feasible and the simulation results provide a theoretical basis for the optimum design of egg packaging and egg processing equipment.