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Shock and Vibration
Volume 2017, Article ID 7156816, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7156816
Research Article

Modeling and Dynamic Analysis of Cutterhead Driving System in Tunnel Boring Machine

School of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Lintao Wang; nc.ude.tuld@tlw

Received 12 June 2016; Accepted 29 November 2016; Published 9 January 2017

Academic Editor: Evgeny Petrov

Copyright © 2017 Wei Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Failure of cutterhead driving system (CDS) of tunnel boring machine (TBM) often occurs under shock and vibration conditions. To investigate the dynamic characteristics and reduce system vibration further, an electromechanical coupling model of CDS is established which includes the model of direct torque control (DTC) system for three-phase asynchronous motor and purely torsional dynamic model of multistage gear transmission system. The proposed DTC model can provide driving torque just as the practical inverter motor operates so that the influence of motor operating behavior will not be erroneously estimated. Moreover, nonlinear gear meshing factors, such as time-variant mesh stiffness and transmission error, are involved in the dynamic model. Based on the established nonlinear model of CDS, vibration modes can be classified into three types, that is, rigid motion mode, rotational vibration mode, and planet vibration mode. Moreover, dynamic responses under actual driving torque and idealized equivalent torque are compared, which reveals that the ripple of actual driving torque would aggravate vibration of gear transmission system. Influence index of torque ripple is proposed to show that vibration of system increases with torque ripple. This study provides useful guideline for antivibration design and motor control of CDS in TBM.