Shock and Vibration / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Experimental Study on Seismic Dynamic Characteristics of Shallow-Bias Tunnel with a Small Space

Table 1

The similar constants.

Physical quantitySimilar relationSimilar constants

L(m)10
ρ(kg·m−3)1
E(MPa)10
ε1
σ(kPa)10
μ1
t(s)3.16
a(m·s−2)1
u(mm)10
v(mm·s−1)3.16
ω(Hz)1
(°)1
γ(kN·m−3)1
C(kN·m−2)10

L: length, ρ: density, E: elastic modulus, ε: strain, σ: stress, μ: Poisson ratio, T: time, a: acceleration, u: displacement, v: velocity, ω: frequency, : angle of shear strength, γ: specific weight, and C: cohesion.