Table 1: Properties of the vehicle.

Half-Car propertyNotationValue

Weight of the sprung mass16.2 t
Unsprung mass axle 1900 kg
Unsprung mass axle 2900 kg
Length of the vehicle11.25 m
Tyre 1 stiffness1.75 × 106 N/m
Tyre 2 stiffness3.5 × 106 N/m
Damper 1 stiffness4 × 105 N/m
Damper 2 stiffness106 N/m
Damper 1 damping104 Ns/m
Damper 2 damping2 × 104 Ns/m
Body mass frequency1.27 Hz
Axle 1 mass frequency7.80 Hz
Axle 2 mass frequency11.28 Hz
Centre of gravity distance from axle 14.71 m
Centre of gravity distance from axle 22.89 m