Table of Contents
Scholarly Research Exchange
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 296158, 5 pages
Research Article

Could Some Black Holes Have Evolved from Wormholes?

Department of Mathematics, Milwaukee School of Engineering, Milwaukee, WI 53202-3109, USA

Received 15 April 2008; Revised 13 October 2008; Accepted 18 November 2008

Copyright © 2008 Peter K. F. Kuhfittig. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


One way to explain the present acceleration of the universe is Einstein's cosmological constant. It is quite likely, in view of some recent studies, that a time-dependent equation of state had caused the Universe to evolve from an earlier phantom-energy model. In that case, traversable wormholes could have formed spontaneously. It is shown in this paper that such wormholes would eventually have become black holes. This would provide a possible explanation for the huge number of black holes discovered, while any evidence for the existence of wormholes is entirely missing, even though wormholes are just as good, in terms of being a prediction of general relativity, as black holes.