Table of Contents
Scholarly Research Exchange
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 324572, 9 pages
Research Article

Simulation of Weld Bead Geometry in GTA Welded Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS)

Department of Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli 620 015, Tamil Nadu, India

Received 21 August 2008; Revised 24 April 2009; Accepted 16 June 2009

Copyright © 2009 P. Sathiya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Temperature analysis of GTA welding of Duplex Stainless Steel material (2205) is simulated using ANSYS software by finite element technique taking in account the characteristics and advantage of GTAW than other sources. A travel heat source combined with body loads was designed by analyzing thermal physical parameters, latent heat of fusion of material. Modeling was carried out by using solid modeling and direct generation technique. A residual control method was taken for precise node selection, Simulation was done by varying the parameter of GTA, welding speed. The quasisteady state temperature field of GTA welding was simulated with the FEA software—ANSYS as well as tests. The objective of this work is to compare the experimentally obtained weld bead geometry of DSS material with simulated results from ANSYS software for various weld parameters. The higher the value of joining efficiency is, the less heat energy is spent on unnecessary heating-that is generating a heat affecting zone (HAZ) or distortion. Joining of two metals or alloys is important in every aspect of engineering which leads to welding in an effective manner and carrying out the analysis. The experimental analysis shows that the model is showing good agreement with the experimental results. Comparison of the experimental and simulated results shows the maximum deviation of 1.27% and 10% for calculating bead width and depth of penetration, respectively.