Table of Contents
Scholarly Research Exchange
Volume 2009, Article ID 624012, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.3814/2009/624012
Research Article

Fouling of Ultrafiltration Membranes during Isolation of Hemicelluloses in the Forest Industry

Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, 221 00 Lund, Sweden

Received 1 July 2008; Revised 12 February 2009; Accepted 19 March 2009

Copyright © 2009 Tobias Persson and Ann-Sofi Jönsson. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Sutela, “Operating experience with membrane technology used for circuit water treatment in different paper mills,” in Proceedings of the PTS-Environmental Technology Symposium, pp. 50–108, Munich, Germany, October 2001.
  2. P. Wickström, “Membrane filtration in the closed-cycle bleach plant,” in Proceedings of the TAPPI Minimum Effluent Mills Symposium, pp. 79–83, San Francisco, Calif, USA, October 1997.
  3. A.-K. Nordin and A.-S. Jönsson, “Case study of an ultrafiltration plant treating bleach plant effluent from a pulp and paper mill,” Desalination, vol. 201, no. 1–3, pp. 277–289, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Söderqvist Lindblad, E. Ranucci, and A.-C. Albertsson, “Biodegradable polymers from renewable sources. New hemicellulose-based hydrogels,” Macromolecular Rapid Communications, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 962–967, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. J. Hartman, A.-C. Albertsson, M. Söderqvist Lindblad, and J. Sjöberg, “Oxygen barrier materials from renewable sources: material properties of softwood hemicellulose-based films,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 2985–2991, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Gröndahl, L. Eriksson, and P. Gatenholm, “Material properties of plasticized hardwood xylans for potential application as oxygen barrier films,” Biomacromolecules, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1528–1535, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  7. D. U. Lima, R. C. Oliveira, and M. S. Buckeridge, “Seed storage hemicelluloses as wet-end additives in papermaking,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 367–373, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. T. Persson, A.-K. Nordin, G. Zacchi, and A.-S. Jönsson, “Economic evaluation of isolation of hemicelluloses from process streams from thermomechanical pulping of spruce,” Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 137–140, no. 1–12, pp. 741–752, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  9. A. Andersson, T. Persson, G. Zacchi, H. Stålbrand, and A.-S. Jönsson, “Comparison of diafiltration and size-exclusion chromatography to recover hemicelluloses from process water from thermomechanical pulping of spruce,” Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 137–140, no. 1–12, pp. 971–983, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  10. S. Willför, P. Rehn, A. Sundberg, K. Sundbgerg, and B. Holmbom, “Recovery of water-soluble acetylgalactogluco-mannans from mechanical pulp of spruce,” Tappi Journal, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 27–32, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Willför, R. Sjöholm, C. Laine, M. Roslund, J. Hemming, and B. Holmbom, “Characterisation of water-soluble galactoglucomannans from Norway spruce wood and thermomechanical pulp,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 175–187, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. L. Puro, J. Tanninen, and M. Nyström, “Analyses of organic foulants in membranes fouled by pulp and paper mill effluent using solid-liquid extraction,” Desalination, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Maartens, E. P. Jacobs, and P. Swart, “UF of pulp and paper effluent: membrane fouling-prevention and cleaning,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 209, no. 1, pp. 81–92, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. J. Li, R. D. Sanderson, D. K. Hallbauer, and V. Y. Hallbauer-Zadorozhnaya, “Measurement and modelling of organic fouling deposition in ultrafiltration by ultrasonic transfer signals and reflections,” Desalination, vol. 146, no. 1–3, pp. 177–185, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. S. I. Mussatto and I. C. Roberto, “Hydrolysate detoxification with activated charcoal for xylitol production by Candida guilliermondii,” Biotechnology Letters, vol. 23, no. 20, pp. 1681–1684, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. T. Ehrman, “Standard method for determination of total solids in biomass,” Project Laboratory Analytical Procedure, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Midwest Research Institute for the Department of Energy, Kansas City, Mo, USA, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  17. R. Ruiz and T. Ehrman, “Dilute acid hydrolysis procedure for determination of total sugars in the liquid fraction of process samples,” Project Laboratory Analytical Procedure, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Midwest Research Institute for the Department of Energy, Kansas City, Mo, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  18. T. E. Timell, “Recent progress in the chemistry of wood hemicelluloses,” Wood Science and Technology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 45–70, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. T. Persson, A.-S. Jönsson, and G. Zacchi, “Fractionation of hemicelluloses by membrane filtration,” in Proceedings of the 14th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, pp. 17–21, Paris, France, October 2005.
  20. M. Cheryan, Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook, Technomic, Lancaster, Pa, USA, 1998.
  21. T. S. Singh, B. Parikh, and K. K. Pant, “Investigation on the sorption of aluminium in drinking water by low-cost adsorbents,” Water SA, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 49–54, 2006. View at Google Scholar