Thrombosis

Thrombosis / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Venous Thromboembolism in Critically Ill Cirrhotic Patients: Practices of Prophylaxis and Incidence

Table 1

Characteristics of patients with and without liver cirrhosis.

Cirrhotic patients 
Noncirrhotic patients 
value

Age (years), mean ± SD <0.0001
Male gender, (%)37 (49.3)498 (68.9)0.0006
Body mass index (Kg/m2), mean ± SD 0.31
APACHE II score, mean ± SD <0.0001
Admission GCS score, mean ± SD 0.19
Reason for ICU admission: <0.0001
 Respiratory, (%)10 (13.3)159 (22.0)
 Cardiovascular, (%)45 (60.0)201 (27.8)
 Neurological, (%)1 (1.3)56 (7.8)
 Other medical, (%)17 (22.7)19 (2.6)
 Nonoperative trauma, (%)1 (1.3)122 (16.9)
 Postoperative, (%) 1 (1.3)166 (23.0)
Bedridden before admission, (%)54 (72.0)340 (47.0)<0.0001
Congestive heart failure, (%)2 (2.6)36 (5.0)0.57
Previous stroke, (%)4 (5.3)102 (14.1)0.03
Active malignancy, (%)7 (9.3)87 (12.0)0.49
Femur fracture, (%)1 (1.3)51 (7.0)0.08
Spinal cord injury, (%)0 (0)20 (2.8)0.24
Previous history of VTE, (%)0 (0)12 (1.7)0.62
Sepsis on admission, (%)55 (73.3)266 (36.8)<0.0001
Mechanical ventilation on admission, (%)62 (82.7)625 (86.4)0.37
Femoral central venous catheter, (%)47 (62.7)295 (40.8)0.0003
Internal jugular or subclavian central venous catheter, (%)50 (66.7)475 (65.7)0.87
Admission creatinine ( mol/L), mean ± SD 0.002
Admission lactate (mmol/L), mean ± SD 0.004
Admission bilirubin ( mol/L), mean ± SD <0.0001
Admission platelet count/ L, mean ± SD <0.0001
Admission INR, mean ± SD <0.0001
Admission PTT (seconds), mean ± SD 0.07

APACHE: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale; ICU: intensive care unit; INR: International Normalized Ratio; PTT: partial thromboplastin time; SD: standard deviation.