Thrombosis

Thrombosis / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Venous Thromboembolism in Critically Ill Cirrhotic Patients: Practices of Prophylaxis and Incidence

Table 2

Practices of VTE prophylaxis in cirrhotics and noncirrhotic critically ill patients.

Cirrhotic patients
Noncirrhotic patients
value

Use of mechanical prophylaxis, (%)43 (57.3)366 (50.6)0.27
 Intermittent pneumatic compression23 (30.6)232 (32.1)0.86
 Graduated compression stockings22 (29.3)175 (24.2)0.29
 Mechanical prophylaxis only31 (41.3)56 (7.7)<0.0001
Use of pharmacologic prophylaxis, (%)24 (32.0)615 (85.1)<0.0001
 Unfractionated heparin22 (29.3)479 (66.3)<0.0001
 Low-molecular-weight heparin2 (2.7)225 (31.1)<0.0001
 Pharmacologic prophylaxis only12 (16.0)305 (42.2)<0.0001
No VTE prophylaxis, (%)20 (26.7)52 (7.2)<0.0001
Use of both mechanical and pharmacologic prophylaxis simultaneously, (%)12 (16.0)310 (42.9)<0.0001
Duration of pharmacologic prophylaxis (days) , mean ± SD <0.0001
Duration of mechanical prophylaxis (days), mean ± SD
 Intermittent pneumatic compression 0.13
 Graduated compression stockings 0.41
Stay in the ICU without pharmacologic prophylaxis (days), mean ± SD <0.0001

ICU: intensive care unit; SD: standard deviation.
For patients who received pharmacologic prophylaxis.
Data on thromboprophylaxis were obtained for a maximum of 30 days of ICU stay.