Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Volume 2013, Article ID 650561, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/650561
Clinical Study

Mycobacterial Etiology of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Association with HIV Infection and Multidrug Resistance in Northern Nigeria

1Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 725 West Lombard Street S424, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
2Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
3Institute of Human Virology-Nigeria, Plot 252, Herbert Macaulay Way, Central Business District, P.O. Box 9396 Garki, Abuja, Nigeria
4National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Training Center, P. M. B. 1089 Zaria, Kaduna, Nigeria

Received 22 March 2013; Accepted 19 June 2013

Academic Editor: Jacques Grosset

Copyright © 2013 Gambo Aliyu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. “WHO global tuberculosis control report 2010. summary,” Central European Journal of Public Health, vol. 18, no. 4, article 237, 2010.
  2. S. Cadmus, S. Palmer, M. Okker et al., “Molecular analysis of human and bovine tubercle bacilli from a local setting in Nigeria,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 29–34, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Mawak, N. Gomwalk, C. Bello, and Y. Kandakai-Olukemi, “Human pulmonary infections with bovine and environment (atypical) mycobacteria in Jos, Nigeria,” Ghana Medical Journal, vol. 40, pp. 132–136, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  4. D. Van Soolingen, T. Hoogenboezem, P. E. de Haas et al., “A novel pathogenic taxon of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, canetti: characterization of an exceptional isolate from Africa,” International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1236–1245, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. A. Alexander, P. N. Laver, A. L. Michel et al., “Novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1296–1299, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. M. Grange, “Mycobacterium bovis infection in human beings,” Tuberculosis, vol. 81, no. 1-2, pp. 71–77, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. C. de Jong, M. Antonio, and S. Gagneux, “Mycobacterium africanum—review of an important cause of human tuberculosis in West Africa,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 4, no. 9, article e744, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Frothingham, P. L. Strickland, G. Bretzel, S. Ramaswamy, J. M. Musser, and D. L. Williams, “Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of Mycobacterium africanum isolates from West Africa,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1921–1926, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Somoskovi, J. Dormandy, J. Rivenburg, M. Pedrosa, M. McBride, and M. Salfinger, “Direct comparison of the genotype MTBC and genomic deletion assays in terms of ability to distinguish between members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in clinical isolates and in clinical specimens,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 1854–1857, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. L. Seagar, C. Prendergast, F. X. Emmanuel, A. Rayner, S. Thomson, and I. F. Laurenson, “Evaluation of the genotype mycobacteria direct assay for the simultaneous detection of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and four atypical mycobacterial species in smear-positive respiratory specimens,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 605–611, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Kiraz, I. Saglik, A. Kiremitci, N. Kasifoglu, and Y. Akgun, “Evaluation of the genotype mycobacteria direct assay for direct detection of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex obtained from sputum samples,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 930–934, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Drobniewski, I. Eltringham, C. Graham, J. G. Magee, E. G. Smith, and B. Watt, “A national study of clinical and laboratory factors affecting the survival of patients with multiple drug resistant tuberculosis in the UK,” Thorax, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 810–816, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Balabanova, V. Nikolayevskyy, O. Ignatyeva et al., “Survival of civilian and prisoner drug-sensitive, multiand extensive drug-resistant tuberculosis cohorts prospectively followed in Russia,” PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 6, article e20531, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. Lew, M. Pai, O. Oxlade, D. Martin, and D. Menzies, “Initial drug resistance and tuberculosis treatment outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 123–134, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Samandari, T. B. Agizew, S. Nyirenda et al., “6-month versus 36-month isoniazid preventive treatment for tuberculosis in adults with HIV infection in Botswana: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial,” The Lancet, vol. 377, no. 9777, pp. 1588–1598, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Akolo, I. Adetifa, S. Shepperd, and J. Volmink, “Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in HIV infected persons,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1, Article ID CD000171, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. WHO, Guidelines for Intensified Tuberculosis Case-Finding and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy for People Living with HIV in Resource-Constrained Settings, World Health Organization, 2011.
  18. C. Whalen, C. R. Horsburgh, D. Hom, C. Lahart, M. Simberkoff, and J. Ellner, “Accelerated course of human immunodeficiency virus infection after tuberculosis,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 151, no. 1, pp. 129–135, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Sungkanuparph, B. Eampokalap, S. Chottanapund, S. Thongyen, and W. Manosuthi, “Impact of drug-resistant tuberculosis on the survival of HIV-infected patients,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 325–330, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Chakroborty, “Drug-resistant tuberculosis: an insurmountable epidemic?” Inflammopharmacology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 131–137, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. Kawai, G. Soto, R. H. Gilman et al., “Tuberculosis mortality, drug resistance, and infectiousness in patients with and without HIV infection in Peru,” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 1027–1033, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. Lawson, A. G. Habib, M. I. Okobi et al., “Pilot study on multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Nigeria,” Annals of African Medicine, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 184–187, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Lawson, M. A. Yassin, S. T. Abdurrahman et al., “Resistance to first-line tuberculosis drugs in three cities of Nigeria,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 974–980, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. V. Nikolayevskyy, Y. Balabanova, T. Simak, N. Malomanova, I. Fedorin, and F. Drobniewski, “Performance of the genotype MTBDRPlus assay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis and drug resistance in Samara, Russian Federation,” BMC Clinical Pathology, vol. 9, no. 1, article 2, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. P. Thumamo, A. E. Asuquo, L. N. Abia-Bassey et al., “Molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in the Cross River State, Nigeria,” Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 671–677, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Ani, T. Bruvik, Y. Okoh et al., “Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Jos, Nigeria,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, article 189, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. Lawson, J. Zhang, M. K. Gomgnimbou et al., “A molecular epidemiological and genetic diversity study of tuberculosis in Ibadan, Nnewi and Abuja, Nigeria,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 6, article e38409, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. K. Addo, K. Owusu-Darko, D. Yeboah-Manu et al., “Mycobacterial species causing pulmonary tuberculosis at the korle bu teaching hospital, Accra, Ghana,” Ghana Medical Journal, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 52–57, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  29. S. N. Niobe-Eyangoh, C. Kuaban, P. Sorlin et al., “Genetic biodiversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex species from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Cameroon,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 2547–2553, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. Traore, B. Diarra, B. P. Dembele et al., “Molecular strain typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Bamako, Mali,” The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 911–916, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. M. K. Gomgnimbou, G. Refregier, S. P. Diagbouga et al., “Spoligotyping of Mycobacterium africanum, Burkina Faso,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 117–119, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. A. LoBue, J. J. LeClair, and K. S. Moser, “Contact investigation for cases of pulmonary Mycobacterium bovis,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 868–872, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. F. D. Menzies and S. D. Neill, “Cattle-to-cattle transmission of bovine tuberculosis,” Veterinary Journal, vol. 160, no. 2, pp. 92–106, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. E. B. Bassey, M. A. Momoh, S. O. Imadiyi et al., “The trend of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients seen at DOTS clinics in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria,” Public Health, vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 405–408, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Z. Iliyasu and M. Babashani, “Prevalence and predictors of tuberculosis coinfection among HIV-seropositive patients attending the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Northern Nigeria,” Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 81–87, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Global TB Report, World Health Organization, 2009.
  37. O. Daniel and E. Osman, “Prevalence and risk factors associated with drug resistant TB in South West, Nigeria,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 148–151, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. E. Richter, M. Weizenegger, S. Rusch-Gerdes, and S. Niemann, “Evaluation of genotype MTBC assay for differentiation of clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 2672–2675, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. R. Anek-vorapong, C. Sinthuwattanawibool, L. J. Podewils et al., “Validation of the genotype MTBDRplus assay for detection of MDR-TB in a public health laboratory in Thailand,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, article 123, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. O. Kehinde, F. A. Obaseki, O. C. Ishola, and K. D. Ibrahim, “Multidrug resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a tertiary hospital,” Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 99, no. 10, pp. 1185–1189, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. Asch, L. Knowles, A. Rai, B. E. Jones, J. Pogoda, and P. F. Barnes, “Relationship of isoniazid resistance to human immunodeficiency virus infection in patients with tuberculosis,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 153, no. 5, pp. 1708–1710, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. P. Y. Lin, J. Y. Wang, P. R. Hsueh et al., “Lower gastrointestinal tract tuberculosis: an important but neglected disease,” International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1175–1180, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus