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Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4850324, 8 pages
Research Article

Tuberculosis Treatment Adherence of Patients in Kosovo

1Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Prishtina, Kosovo
2Health Agency for Development (HAD), Prishtina, Kosovo
3Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Prishtina, Kosovo
4National Institute of Public Health of Kosovo, Prishtina, Kosovo
5Institute of Clinical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Prishtina, Kosovo

Correspondence should be addressed to Burim Neziri

Received 29 June 2017; Revised 29 September 2017; Accepted 12 October 2017; Published 5 November 2017

Academic Editor: David C. Perlman

Copyright © 2017 Shaip Krasniqi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Setting. The poor patient adherence in tuberculosis (TB) treatment is considered to be one of the most serious challenges which reflect the decrease of treatment success and emerging of the Multidrug Resistance-TB (MDR-TB). To our knowledge, the data about patients’ adherence to anti-TB treatment in our country are missing. Objective. This study was aimed to investigate the anti-TB treatment adherence rate and to identify factors related to eventual nonadherence among Kosovo TB patients. Design. This study was conducted during 12 months, and the survey was a descriptive study using the standardized questionnaires with total 324 patients. Results. The overall nonadherence for TB patient cohort was 14.5%, 95% CI (0.109–0.188). Age and place of residence are shown to have an effect on treatment adherence. Moreover, the knowledge of the treatment prognosis, daily dosage, side effects, and length of treatment also play a role. This was also reflected in knowledge regarding compliance with regular administration of TB drugs, satisfaction with the treatment, interruption of TB therapy, and the professional monitoring in the administration of TB drugs. Conclusion. The level of nonadherence TB treatment in Kosovar patients is not satisfying, and more health care worker’s commitments need to be addressed for improvement.