Tuberculosis Research and Treatment / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Examination of Dysglycaemia among Newly Diagnosed Tuberculosis Patients in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 2

Association between sociodemographic factors, clinical factors, and lifestyle factors and 2HPP Status.

2HPP

NormalAbnormalp-value
Age (Mean ± SD)36.67 ± 13.9741.69 ± 13.97-2.15
(t-test)
0.033
Sex1.090.297
Male66 (57.39)49 (42.61)
Female21 (67.74)10 (32.26)
Marital Status1.210.546
Married36 (58.06)26 (41.94)
Single47(62.67)28 (37.33)
Separated/Divorced4 (44.44)5 (55.6)
Highest Educational Level9.650.086
None9 (69.23)4 (30.77)
Primary8 (57.14)6 (42.86)
Middle School/ JHS24 (44.44)30 (55.56)
SHS/ O-level23 (71.88)9 (28.13)
Tertiary17 (73.91)6 (26.09)
Other6 (60.00)4 (40.00)
Employment Status0.820.365
Unemployed25 (65.79)13 (34.21)
Employed62 (57.41)46 (42.59)
Lifestyle Factors
Smoking0.74 §
Yes7 (70.00)3 (30.00)
No80 (58.82)56 (41.18)
Alcohol Intake0.180.675
Yes14 (63.64)8 (36.36)
No73 (58.87)51(41.13)
Clinical Factors
Weight (Mean ± SD), Kg53.72 ± 8.5351.31 ± 9.411.580.117
Height (Mean ± SD), m1.67 ± 0.081.68 ± 0.080.850.40
BMI (Kg/m2)
Mean ± SD18.80 ± 2.7318.02 ± 3.331.510.135
Below 18.5 (Underweight)59 (57.28)44 (42.72)0.369
18.5-24.9 (Normal)26 (65.00)14 (35.00)
25-29.9 (Over Weight)2 (100.00)0
Above 30 Obese)01(100.00)
Waist and Hip Circumference, cm76.00 ± 7.1076.62 ± 7.68-0.50.619
Waist Circumference (Mean ± SD)
Hip Circumference (Mean ± SD)89.53 ± 7.6589.14 ± 7.130.310.756
Waist-Hip Ratio (Mean ± SD)0.86 ± 0.060.86 ± 0.08-0.220.824
Blood Pressure (mmHg)116.39 ± 17.43119.42± 26.99-0.760.449
SBP (Mean ± SD)
DBP (Mean ± SD)76.76 ± 11.9977.66 ± 12.35-0.440.664
Pulse (Mean ± SD)103.10 ± 15.81107.10± 18.40-1.360.176

p<0.05; values were based on Pearson chi-square and Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables, and t-test for comparing the means. SD: standard deviation of age. (%) represents row percentage and § p-value estimate from Fisher’s exact test.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.