Tuberculosis Research and Treatment / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Examination of Dysglycaemia among Newly Diagnosed Tuberculosis Patients in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 3

Association between sociodemographic factors, clinical factors, and lifestyle factors and FPG Status.

FBG

NormalAbnormalp-value
Age (Mean ± SD)38.29 ± 13.8442.85 ± 15.21-1.04
(t-test)
0.316 ǂ
Sex1.00 §
Male105(91.30)10(8.70)
Female28(90.32)3(9.68)
Marital Status7.160.028
Married58 (93.55)4 (6.45)
Single69 (92.00)6 (8.00)
Separated/Divorced6 (66.67) 3 (33.33)
Highest Educational Level0.433 §
None12(92.31)1 (7.69)
Primary13(92.86)1 (7.14)
Middle School/ JHS47(87.04)7 (12.96)
O-level/SHS31(96.88)1 (3.13)
Tertiary22(95.65)1 (4.35)
Other8(80.00)2 (20.00)
Employment Status0.185 §
Unemployed37(97.37)1 (2.63)
Employed96(88.89)12(11.11)
Smoking1.00 §
Yes9(90.00)1(10.00)
No124(91.18)12(8.82)
Alcohol Intake0.692 §
Yes21(95.45)1 (4.55)
No112(90.32)12(9.68)
Clinical Factors53.05 ± 9.0249.62 ± 7.751.50.153 ǂ
Weight (Mean ± SD)
Height (Mean ± SD)1.69 ± 0.081.66 ± 0.061.440.168 ǂ
BMI
Mean ± SD18.52 ± 3.0218.12 ± 2.920.470.647 ǂ
Below 18.5 (Underweight)94 (91.26)9 (8.74)0.816 §
18.5-24.9 (Normal)36 (90.00)4 (10.00)
25-29.9 (Over Weight)2 (100.0)0
Above 30 (Obese)1 (100.0)0
Waist Circumference
Waist Circumference (Mean ± SD)76.30 ± 7.4876.21 ± 5.720.050.963 ǂ
Hip Circumference (Mean ± SD)89.55 ± 7.4888.06 ± 6.870.740.472 ǂ
Waist-Hip Ratio (Mean ± SD)0.85 ± 0.070.86 ± 0.07-0.30.769 ǂ
Blood Pressure
SBP (Mean ± SD)117.36 ± 21.17120.23± 28.05-0.360.725 ǂ
DBP (Mean ± SD)76.80 ± 12.0880.5 ± 12.35-1.040.318 ǂ
Pulse (Mean ± SD)104.15 ± 17.17110.54 ± 13.93-1.540.142 ǂ

p<0.05; values were based on Pearson chi-square and Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables, and t-test for comparing the means. SD: standard deviation of age. (%) represents row percentage, ǂ estimated p-value from the Welch t-test, and § p-value estimate from Fisher’s exact test.

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