Tuberculosis Research and Treatment / 2019 / Article / Tab

Research Article

Tuberculosis at Farmer-Cattle Interface in the Rural Villages of South Gondar Zone of Northwest Ethiopia

Table 1

Association of demographic factors with awarness to zoonotic transmission of TB among AFB culture positive TB patients , South Gondar Zone, northwest Ethiopia (2015–2017).

Demographic factorsNumber of respondents (%)Aware of zoonotic TBCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)‐value
Yes (%)No (%)

Patient origin
Dera26 (23.4)6 (23.1)20 (76.9)1.001.00
Ebinat10 (9)2 (20)8 (80)0.83 (0.13–5.03)0.66 (0.39–1.28)0.842
Este15 (13.5)1 (6.7)14 (93.3)0.23 (0.02–2.20)0.25 (0.01–2.53)0.178
Farta9 (8.1)2 (22.2)7 (77.8)0.95 (0.15–5.86)0.63 (0.02–5.53)1.00
Fogera35 (31.5)13 (37.1)22 (62.9)1.96 (0.62–6.16)1.99 (0.58–8.02)0.240
Gayint6 (5.4)3 (50)3 (50)3.33 (0.52–21.03)3.24 (0.31–21.0)0.186
Libo kemkem7 (6.3)5 (71.4)2 (28.6)11.66 (1.89–71.79)11.84 (1.67–73.2)0.003
Simada3 (2.7)2 (66.7)1 (39.3)10.0 (0.87–114.74)10.47 (0.72–116.3)0.038

Age group (year)
<1810 (9)5 (50)5 (50)1.001.00
18–3042 (37.8)17 (40.5)25 (59.5)0.68 (0.17–2.71)0.64 (0.13–2.94)0.583
31–4335 (31.5)8 (22.9)27 (77.1)0.29 (0.06–1.28)0.32 (0.04–1.42)0.094
44–5618 (16.2)5 (27.8)13 (72.2)0.38 (0.07–1.92)0.46 (0.09–2.31)0.239
>566 (5.4)2 (33.3)4 (66.7)0.50 (0.06–4.09)0.51 (0.07–5.21)0.515

Sex
Male58 (52.3)18 (31.0)40 (69.0)1.001.00
Female53 (47.7)19 (35.8)34 (64.2)1.24 (0.56–2.73)1.16 (0.49–2.97)0.590

Education status
Illiterate73 (65.8)22 (30.1)51 (69.9)1.001.00
Adult education5 (4.5)1 (0.2)4 (99.8)0.57 (0.06–5.48)0.23 (0.04–5.53)0.630
Primary level18 (16.2)4 (22.2)14 (77.8)0.66 (0.19–2.24)0.62 (0.08–2.62)0.505
Secondary level11 (9.9)7 (63.6)4 (36.4)4.05 (1.07–15.28)4.16 (1.05–15.57)0.029
Higher level4 (3.6)3 (0.75)1 (0.25)6.95 (0.68–70.60)6.52 (0.62–70.71)0.062

Raw milk consumption
Yes77 (69.4)27 (35.1)50 (64.9)1.001.00
No34 (30.6)10 (29.4)24 (70.6)0.71 (0.29–1.69)0.71 (0.26–1.88)0.441

Patient category
New91 (82.0)29 (31.9)62 (68.1)1.001.00
*Retreatment20 (18.0)8 (40.0)12 (60.0)1.42 (0.52–3.86)1.38 (0.42–3.93)0.484

*Retreatment: A patient who remained smear positive or became again smear positive at the end of five months or later after commencing treatment. COR: Crude odds ratio, AOR: Adjusted odds ratio, CI: Confidence interval.

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