Table of Contents
Texture of Crystalline Solids
Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 113-141

Effects of Phosphorus on the Annealing Texture, Plastic Anisotropy, and Mechanical Properties of Low-Carbon Steels

U.S. Steel Research Laboratory, Monroeville, Pennsylvania 15146, USA

Received 10 May 1976

Copyright © 1976 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effects of phosphorus on the annealing texture, plastic anisotropy, and mechanical properties of low-carbon steels containing 0.11 percent manganese have been studied. Both vacuum-melted and air-melted heats, with phsophorus additions up to 0.12 percent, were used. Results show that with a cold reduction of 80 percent, followed by annealing at temperatures in the range 710 to 820°C, the plastic strain ratios, rm and ∆r, as well as the strength of the steels were substantially improved by phosphorus. Annealing at the intercritical temperatures 780 and 820°C further improved the strain ratios. The strong tendency for phosphorus to segregate at the subgrain and grain boundaries is believed to have played an important role in controlling the formation of annealing textures in these steels.