The crystalline preferred orientations of quartz grains in pencil gneiss from the Erzgebirge (southern GDR) are studied by means of neutron time-of-flight diffraction. A single component texture has been found where the trigonal axes are parallel to the tectonic a-direction. In the quartz c-axis pole figure strong maxima at tectonic ±a are connected by a girdle of weaker intensity being not found in U-stage measurements. From the comparison with experimentally deformed quartzites and model calculations the approximate formation conditions of the given pencil gneiss could be deduced.