Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 12 (1990), Issue 1-3, Pages 103-123

Development of Cross-rolling Textures in Armco-Iron

Department of Physical Metallurgy, TU Clausthal, Germany

Received 18 May 1989

Copyright © 1990 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


ARMCO-iron was cross-rolled in two different modes, i.e. with a rotation of the rolling direction through 90° after each individual pass or after half of the reduction in thickness only. In the first case, which corresponds to a truly tetragonal straight deformation path, the orientation {001}110 assumes an extremely high orientation density of 50 × random after 93% reduction. Besides this, the texture contains a nearly ideal 111‖ND-orientation tube, the intensity of which increases to about 10 × random. The texture of the second mode is similar to that of the first one up to about 50% reduction. After that the density in the orientation {001}110 decreases and increases again at the highest deformation degrees. Two minor orientation components {001}100 and {011}100 were found with intensities in the range of 3 to 5 × random at low deformation degrees of about 10%.