Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 14–18

The Effect of Cross Rolling on Texture and Magnetic Properties of Non Oriented Electrical Steels

1Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, K.U. Leuven, De Croylaan 2, Heverlee 3030, Belgium
2Laboratory for General Metallurgy, Iron and Steel Making and Physical Metallurgy, State University Ghent, Sint Pietersnieuwstraat 41, Ghent 9000, Belgium
3N.V. SIDMAR, J. Kennedylaan 51, Ghent 9020, Belgium

Copyright © 1991 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The texture change due to a change of cold rolling direction and annealing temperature in the production of 0.6% Si steel sheet is described. Cross rolling results in a very strong (001)<110> component, causing soft magnetic properties in a direction at 45 degrees of the rolling direction. The texture governing mechanism of the primary and secondary recrystallization was oriented growth. The influence of texture on magnetic properties could be shown by measuring the directional properties of the sheet. The correlation between hysteresis losses and induction with texture and grain size was quantified.