Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 26–27

Single Grain Orientation Measurements Applied to the Formation and Growth of Recrystallization Nuclei

Institut für Metallkunde und Metallphysik, RWTH Aachen, Kopernikusstr. 14, Aachen D-52056, Germany

Received 18 December 1995

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Measurements of the crystallographic orientation of individual grains provide information on the spatial arrangement and distribution of orientations in a crystalline solid, i.e. on the orientation topography, which can be utilized to establish a basis for a deeper understanding of the microstructural mechanisms during deformation and recrystallization of metallic materials.

Techniques for the convenient measurement of single grain orientations with high accuracy by evaluation of Kikuchi diagrams in a TEM and SEM (EBSD) are introduced. The principles of Kikuchi pattern formation as well as the measuring and evaluation procedures are outlined. Particular attention is focused on the automation of pattern indexing in order to provide fully automated evaluation routines. The unique potential of these techniques is demonstrated by two examples pertaining to the microstructural evolution during the formation of recrystallization nuclei and their subsequent growth.