Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 29, Issue 1-2, Pages 1-26

Influence of Texture on Powder Diffraction

Department of Physical Metallurgy, Technical University of Clausthal, Grosser Bruch 23, Clausthal-Zellerfeld D-38078, Germany

Received 14 January 1997

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Classical Powder Diffraction usually assumes samples with completely random orientation distribution of the crystallites. It can be generalized to non-random orientation distribution (texture) by introducing a texture factor which enters the expression of the integral intensity directly and serves as a weight function in expressions of peak shift or peak broadening. Hence, all methods of powder diffraction, for instance, phase analysis, crystal structure analysis, stress analysis, particles size analysis, can also be carried out with textured samples.

Textured polycrystalline samples may be considered as being intermediate between single crystals and random powder samples. Hence, they contain information about the directions of reciprocal lattice vectors r(hkl) which are “averaged out” in random polycrystals, the measured intensities of which depend only on the absolute values |r(hkl)|. This information can be used, for instance, to separate overlapped structure factors |F(hkl)|2 or to index powder diffraction diagrams.