Table of Contents
Textures and Microstructures
Volume 33 (1999), Issue 1-4, Pages 45-60
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/TSM.33.45

Lattice Preferred Orientation as an Indicator of a Complex Deformation History of Rocks

1lnstitut für Geologie und Dynamik der Lithosphäre, Universität Göttingen, Göttingen D-37077, Germany
2Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Frank Laboratory for Neutron Physics, Moscow Region, Dubna 141980, Russia

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The deconvolution of the deformation history of rocks is one of the main goals of texture analysis in geology. The frequent observation that the macroscopic structures are obliquely oriented with respect to the margins of the deformation zone gave rise to the hypotheses that the deformation path might be complex, and that the lattice preferred orientation of the rock-forming minerals should reflect such complicated deformation conditions as well. Hence, texture determinations of polyphase rock samples were carried out and the relationship of the mineral textures to the commonly used sample reference frame foliation–lineation, which is assumed to represent the principal axes of the bulk finite strain tensor, was investigated. It was confirmed that particular mineral textures are typical for different stages of the deformation path. Especially the quartz textures exhibit an uncommon but consistent deviation from the sample reference frame, which is consistent with respect to the geographical coordinates, too. Such a characteristic may be used to evaluate the direction of a large-scale horizontal shear component, which is known as the transpressive shear vector in the geological literature.