Table of Contents
Texture, Stress, and Microstructure
Volume 2008, Article ID 328754, 8 pages
Research Article

Texture and Mechanical Anisotropy of Ultrafine-Grained Aluminum Alloy AA6016 Produced by Accumulative Roll Bonding

1Institut für Strukturphysik, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany
2GKSS Forschungszentrum, Max-Planck-Straße, Geesthacht 21494, Germany
3Lehrstuhl Allgemeine Werkstoffeigenschaften, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Martensstraße 5, Erlangen 91058, Germany

Received 22 June 2007; Accepted 6 December 2007

Academic Editor: Claude Esling

Copyright © 2008 Werner Skrotzki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The texture of ultrafine-grained Al alloy AA6016 produced by accumulative roll bonding (ARB) has been measured by neutron diffraction. The starting texture consists of a strong cube component. During ARB, this texture breaks down and a texture typical for rolling of face-centered cubic metals with high stacking fault energy develops. The texture after 8 ARB cycles is characterised by the β-fiber with the Cu component dominating. Moreover, the rotated cube component is formed. This component is typical for simple shear, which takes place during rolling on the surfaces of the sheets. Based on the Taylor factor and calculated Lankford parameter, the mechanical anisotropy of the advanced metal sheets is discussed.