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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 2, Pages 1332-1337
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2002.339
Short Communication

Innovations in the Speciation of Organolead Compounds in Water: Towards a More Rational, Rapid, and Simple Analytical Process

Analytical Chemistry Division, University of Córdoba, E-14071 Córdoba, Spain

Received 26 November 2001; Revised 1 April 2002; Accepted 10 April 2002

Copyright © 2002 J.R. Baena et al.

Abstract

Speciation analysis calls for rapid, simple systems for minimizing errors made in the most troublesome of all steps in the analytical process: sample preparation. In this context, continuous-flow systems are of great help. The evolution in the different methodologies enabled solutions to the main shortcomings occurring from the lack of selectivity of using RP–C18 as sorbent material. One solution was a shift to more sensitive and selective, but only partially automated, systems employing C60 fullerene and Grignard’s reagent; another was a shift to completely automated systems employing sodium tetrapropylborate; and a final solution was to employ the simplest possible configuration by removing the reagent stream. The analytical methods developed allowed the identification and quantification of different organolead species at the pg/ml levels in rainwater samples, with precision (RSD) of about 5% and recoveries ranging from 92 to 100%.