The Scientific World Journal

The Scientific World Journal / 2003 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 3 |Article ID 725902 |

Ebere Anyanwu, Andrew W. Campbell, Aristo Vojdani, John E. Ehiri, Akpan I. Akpan, "Biochemical Changes in the Serum of Patients with Chronic Toxigenic Mold Exposures: A Risk Factor for Multiple Renal Dysfunctions", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 3, Article ID 725902, 7 pages, 2003.

Biochemical Changes in the Serum of Patients with Chronic Toxigenic Mold Exposures: A Risk Factor for Multiple Renal Dysfunctions


This paper analyzes and presents the biochemical abnormalities in the sera of patients presenting with chronic mycosis in order to investigate the relationship with the risks of multiple renal disorders. The study population (n = 10) consisted of six females and four males (mean age 36.3 years) exposed by toxic molds in their homes and offices for an average of 2.8 years. The control group comprised ten people, five males and five females (mean age 35.9 years) without any known exposures to toxic molds. Blood samples were obtained from both the patients and the controls and were processed using specific biochemical methods that included enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA). There were biochemical abnormal concentrations in creatinine, uric acid, phosphorus, alkaline phosphotase, cholesterol, HDH, SGOT/AST, segmented neutrophils, lymphocytes, total T3, IgG and IgA immunoglobulins with significant differences between patients and controls. These abnormalities were consistent with multiple renal disorders. The major complaints of the mycosis patients were headaches, pulmonary symptoms, allergic reactions, memory loss, skin rashes, blurred vision symptoms, fatigue, and runny nose. These findings were depictive of a strong association of chronic mycosis with abnormal renal indicators. It was concluded that, although this research was a pilot investigation, based on the overall results, people exposed to chronic indoor environmental toxic molds were at risk of multiple renal complications.

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