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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 4, Pages 887-891
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2004.143
Short Communication

Induction of Biomolecules in Mature Leaves of Terminalia arjuna Due to Feeding of Antheraea mylitta Drury

1Department of Botany, Allahabad Agriculture Institute-Deemed University, Allahabad, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Allahabad Agriculture Institute-Deemed University, Allahabad, India
3Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Received 12 March 2004; Revised 16 September 2004; Accepted 22 October 2004

Copyright © 2004 G. Abraham et al.

Abstract

Terminalia arjuna is an important food plant of the tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury. In this study, we investigated the induction of biomolecules in mature leaves of these plants subjected to insect feeding. Increase in total tannin content, lipid peroxidation, and trypsin inhibitor activity have been observed in mature leaves damaged by the insects. The growth rate of Vth instar larvae of A. mylitta fed on previously damaged foliage reduced by 87.1%. Induction of biomolecules for defense mechanisms in relation to herbivore damage has been discussed.