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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 7, Pages 1670-1680
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2007.207
Review Article

Depression after Delivery: Risk Factors, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Considerations

1Mood and Anxiety Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, MSTF Building, Room 502, 685 West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
2School of Nursing, University of Maryland, 655 West Lombard Street, Room 675D, Baltimore MD 21201, USA
3Residency Training Program, St. Elizabeth's Hospital, 2700 Martin Luther King Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20032, USA

Received 17 June 2007; Revised 12 July 2007; Accepted 13 July 2007

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick

Copyright © 2007 Debra A. Scrandis et al.

Abstract

Postpartum mood disorders can negatively affect women, their offspring, and their families when left untreated. The identification and treatment of postpartum depression remains problematic since health care providers may often not differentiate postpartum blues from depression onset. Recent studies found potentially new risk factors, etiologies, and treatments; thus, possibly improving the untreated postpartum depression rates. This integrated review examined several postpartum psychiatric disorders, postpartum blues, generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and postpartum psychosis for current findings on prevalence, etiologies, risk factors, and postpartum depression treatments.