The Scientific World Journal

The Scientific World Journal / 2007 / Article

Short Communication | Open Access

Volume 7 |Article ID 952849 | https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2007.255

Kamal T. Chaouachi, "The Narghile (Hookah, Shisha, Goza) Epidemic and the Need for Clearing up Confusion and Solving Problems Related with Model Building of Social Situations", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 7, Article ID 952849, 6 pages, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2007.255

The Narghile (Hookah, Shisha, Goza) Epidemic and the Need for Clearing up Confusion and Solving Problems Related with Model Building of Social Situations

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick
Received01 Aug 2007
Revised03 Sep 2007
Accepted05 Sep 2007

Abstract

Many biomedical studies of the past seven years have failed in giving a sound picture of what hookah (shisha, narghile, goza) smoke and smoking are. The reasons are many: from the widespread use of a confusing neologism (“waterpipe”) instead of the few clear and natural words used for centuries by indigenous and non-indigenous people in their real life, to the use of artificial smoking (machines) instead of relying on quantitative and qualitative analysis of toxicants directly performed on real hookah smokers.


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