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Volume 9, Pages 431-434
Case Study

Congenital Chylothorax

1Neonatal Intensive Care Department, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco
2Research Team for Childhood, Health and Development, MarrakechSchool of Medicine, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco

Received 18 January 2009; Revised 9 May 2009; Accepted 1 June 2009

Academic Editor: Klaus Kayser

Copyright © 2009 Saad Lahmiti et al.


Although pleural effusion is a rare cause of respiratory distress in newborns, being familiar with this disease is very important because of the generally favorable prognosis when the diagnosis is done early and therapy is prompt. We report a case of a full-term baby diagnosed with respiratory distress after 1 week of life. An X-ray of his chest showed a left pleural effusion. Moreover, a thoracentesis combined with a biochemical study of the pleural fluid confirmed the diagnosis of chylothorax. In our case, the conservative therapy was successful. The baby was followed up for a period of 6 months, with no evidence of recurrence. We have concluded, therefore, that conservative management should be the first line of treatment in chylothorax cases. If it does not work, a surgical approach might be considered.