Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
Volume 11 (2011), Pages 2403-2417
http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2011/315870
Research Article

Construction of an Integrated Positive Youth Development Conceptual Framework for the Prevention of the Use of Psychotropic Drugs among Adolescents

Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Received 1 November 2010; Revised 10 August 2011; Accepted 21 August 2011

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick

Copyright © 2011 Tak Yan Lee. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Narcotics Division, “Drug Statistics,” 2010, http://www.nd.gov.hk/en/crda_ess.htm.
  2. L. D. Johnston and P. M. O'Malley, “Why do the nation's students use drugs and alcohol? Self-reported reasons from nine national surveys,” Journal of Drug Issues, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 29–66, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. F. Reyna and F. Farley, “Is the teen brain too rational?” Scientific American Mind, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 58–65, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. Z. Goldstein and N. D. Volkow, “Drug addiction and its underlying neurobiological basis: neuroimaging evidence for the involvement of the frontal cortex,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 159, no. 10, pp. 1642–1652, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Ellis, “Universal behavioral and demographic correlates of criminal behavior: toward common ground in the assessment of criminological theories,” in Crime in Biological, Social, and Moral Contexts, L. Ellis and H. Hoffman, Eds., pp. 36–49, Praeger, Westport, Conn, USA, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. L. Whitten, “Behavioral response to novelty foreshadows neurological response to cocaine,” NIDA Notes, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1–6, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  7. T. K. Logan, R. Walker, C. E. Jordan, and C. G. Leukefeld, Women and Victimization: Contributing Factors, Interventions, and Implications, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, USA, 2006.
  8. N. D. Volkow, “NIDA Director’s report to CPDD meeting: progress, priorities, and plans for the future,” in Problems of Drug Dependence 2005, pp. 70–79, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, Md, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  9. D. E. Comings, “Genetic factors in drug abuse and dependence,” in Individual Differences in the Biochemical Etiology of Drug Abuse, H. W. Gordon and M. D. Glantz, Eds., pp. 16–38, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, Md, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  10. J. C. Crabbe, “Genetic contributions to addiction,” Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 53, pp. 435–462, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. K. Logan, R. Walker, J. Cole, and C. G. Leukefeld, “Victimization and substance abuse among women: contributing factors, interventions, and implications,” Review of General Psychology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 325–397, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  12. H. Abadinsky, Drug Use and Abuse: A Comprehensive Introduction, Wadsworth, Belmont, Calif, USA, 7th edition, 2011.
  13. O. G. Bukstein, D. A. Brent, and Y. Kaminer, “Comorbidity of substance abuse and other psychiatric disorders in adolescents,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 146, no. 9, pp. 1131–1141, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. J. Crowley, “The reinforcers for drug abuse: why people take drugs,” in Classic Contributions in the Addictions, H. Shaffer and M. E. Burglass, Eds., pp. 367–381, Brunner, New York, NY, USA, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Glassner and J. Loughlin, Drug Use in Adolescent Worlds: Burnouts to Straights, Macmillan, Houndmills, UK, 1987.
  16. The National Institute on Drug Abuse, Drug Abuse and Drug Abuse Research, NIDA, Rockville, Md, USA, 1987.
  17. S. Peele, “Addiction to an experience: a social-psychological theory of addiction,” in Theories of Drug Abuse: Selected Contemporary Perspectives, D. J. Lettieri, M. Sayers, and H. W. Pearson, Eds., pp. 142–144, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, Md, USA, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  18. R. H. Coombs and D. Ziedonis, Handbook on Drug Abuse Prevention: A Comprehensive Strategy to Prevent the Abuse of Alcohol and Other Drugs, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, Mass, USA, 1995.
  19. C. F. Levinthal, Drugs, Behavior, and Modern Society, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, Mass, USA, 6th edition, 2010.
  20. A. M. Pagliaro and L. A. Pagliaro, Substance Use among Children and Adolescents, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1996.
  21. R. F. Catalano, M. L. Berglund, J. A. M. Ryan, H. S. Lonczak, and J. D. Hawkins, “Positive Youth Development in the United States: Research Findings on Evaluation of Positive Youth Development Programs,” 1998, http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/PositiveYouthDev99.
  22. T. Y. Lee, “Development of curriculum units on the developmental issue of money literacy in a positive youth development program: the project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong,” TheScientificWorldJournal. In press.
  23. C. K. Law, Money and Life: Survey Research Report, Federation of Youth Groups, Hong Kong, 1985.
  24. D. T. L. Shek, “Conceptual framework underlying the development of a positive youth development program in Hong Kong,” in Positive Youth Development: Development of a Pioneering Program in a Chinese Society, D. T. L. Shek, H. K. Ma, and J. Merrick, Eds., pp. 81–92, Freund Publishing, London, UK, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  25. D. T. L. Shek, “Objective outcome evaluation of the project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: findings based on individual growth curve models,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 10, pp. 182–191, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. T. L. Shek, “Effectiveness of the Tier 1 Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S.: preliminary objective and subjective outcome evaluation findings,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 6, pp. 1466–1474, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. T. L. Shek, A. M. H. Siu, and T. Y. Lee, “The Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale: a validation study,” Research on Social Work Practice, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 380–391, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  28. D. T. L. Shek, Ed., “Special issue: evaluation of project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 8, pp. 1–94, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  29. D. T. L. Shek and R. C. F. Sun, “Evaluation of Project P.A.T.H.S. (Secondary 1 Program) by the program participants: findings based on the Full Implementation Phase,” Adolescence, vol. 43, no. 172, pp. 807–822, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. D. T. L. Shek, A. M. H. Siu, Y. L. Tak, K. C. Chau, and R. Chung, “Effectiveness of the Tier 1 Program of Project P.A.T.H.S.: objective outcome evaluation based on a randomized group trial,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 8, pp. 4–12, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. T. L. Shek, “Effectiveness of the tier 1 program of project P.A.T.H.S.: findings based on the first 2 years of program implementation,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 9, pp. 539–547, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. T. L. Shek, “Using students' weekly diaries to evaluate positive youth development programs: the case of project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong,” Adolescence, vol. 44, no. 173, pp. 69–85, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. D. T. L. Shek and C. S. M. Ng, “Secondary 1 program of project P.A.T.H.S.: process evaluation based on the co-walker scheme,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 9, pp. 704–714, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. T. L. Shek and H. K. Ma, “Editorial: Evaluation of the project P.A.T.H.S. in Hong Kong: are the findings replicable across different populations?” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 10, pp. 178–181, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. D. T. L. Shek and R. C. F. Sun, “Effectiveness of the tier 1 program of project P.A.T.H.S.: findings based on three years of program implementation,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 10, pp. 1509–1519, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. A. Bandura, Social Learning Theory, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1977.
  37. H. Blumer, Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 1969.
  38. B. F. Skinner, Science and Human Behavior, Free Press, New York, NY, USA, 1953.
  39. G. S. Becker and K. M. Murphy, “A theory of rational addiction,” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 96, pp. 675–700, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  40. N. A. Polansky, “There is nothing so practical as a good theory,” Child Welfare, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 3–15, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. J. Vaughan and T. F. Buss, Communicating Social Science Research to Policymakers, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 1998.